Assessing the impact of the trauma team training program in Tanzania

Resource type
Journal Article
Assessing the impact of the trauma team training program in Tanzania
BACKGROUND:: In sub-Saharan Africa, injury is responsible for more deaths and disability-adjusted life years than AIDS and malaria combined. The trauma team training (TTT) program is a low-cost course designed to teach a multidisciplinary team approach to trauma evaluation and resuscitation. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of TTT on trauma knowledge and performance of Tanzanian physicians and nurses; and to demonstrate the validity of a questionnaire assessing trauma knowledge. METHODS:: This is a prospective study of physicians and nurses from Dar es Salaam undergoing TTT (n ≤ 20). Subjects received a precourse test and, after the course, an alternate postcourse test. The equivalence and construct validity of these 15-item multiple-choice questionnaires was previously demonstrated. After the course, subjects were divided into four teams and underwent a multiple injuries simulation, which was scored with a trauma resuscitation simulation assessment checklist. A satisfaction questionnaire was then administered. Test data are expressed as median score (interquartile ratio) and were analyzed with the Wilcoxon's signed rank test. RESULTS:: After the TTT course, subjects improved their scores from 9 (5-12) to 13 (9-13), p ≤ 0.0004. Team performance scores for the simulation were all >80%. Seventy-five percent of subjects were very satisfied with TTT and 90% would strongly recommend it to others and would agree to teach future courses. CONCLUSIONS:: After completion of TTT, there was a significant improvement in trauma resuscitation knowledge, based on results from a validated questionnaire. Trauma team performance was excellent when assessed with a novel trauma simulation assessment tool. Participants were very supportive of the course. © 2008 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care
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Bergman, S., Deckelbaum, D., Lett, R., Haas, B., Demyttenaere, S., Munthali, V., Mbembati, N., Museru, L., Razek, T., & Razek, T. (2008). Assessing the impact of the trauma team training program in Tanzania. Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care.