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Expanding educational opportunities or widening learning inequalities? Evidence from national reform of pre-primary education in EthiopiaKim, J., & Sabates, R. - 2022 - Oxford Review of Education, 0(0), 1–20
Since a nationwide reform of pre-primary education in 2010, Ethiopia has experienced a massive expansion of pre-primary enrolment that increased tenfold in six years. Our paper aims to assess the distribution of early literacy outcomes between children who attended preschool and those who did not and explore how that distribution has changed throughout the reform and by factors such as gender, location, and parental literacy. We find an overall increase in the achievement gaps associated...